Samayapuram Mariamma :
Samayapuram Trichy Tours and Travel, lying at a distance of 11 km from Trichy in Lalgudi taluk, is
famous for the shrine of Mariamman, which Goddess has a rich legendary and
temple has three enclosures and faces east in the centre of the
village. The first prakara is quite big and has shrines of Muruga,
Rajagoipalaswamy and Bhojeswara. In the second enclosure are found the two
Pournami mandapa Vasantha mandapa and Bhaktiyula mandapa. The third
enclosure is small and is around the sanctum.
The presiding deity of this temple is Mariamman, who is looked upon as one
of the form of Kali. The world Mariamman is said to have been derived from
two words, Mari and Amman, which respectively mean rain and goddess. The
word Mariamman denotes that this Goddess is a giver of rain and reliever of
all famines and pestilences for humanity.
There are three legends associated with the origin of Kali. The first of
these refers to Daruka Asura. Intoxicated with this unparalleled strength,
Daruka committed many atrocities and harassed the pious and religious.
Finally, Lord Shiva was approached to put an end to the asura. Since Daruka
had a special boon that meant he could not be killed by any man, Lord Shiva
created a female form out of the poison kalakoodam from his neck, from which
the name Kali was derived. This female form came out through his third eye,
and killed Daruka.
Architecture wise, the temple is not very impressive. But it has a number
of inscriptions in the surrounding temples of Bhojeswara and Mutheeswara,
which throw light not only on the history of the Mariamman temple but on
Samayapuram village too. In the inscriptions, Samayapuram is referred to as
Vikaramapuram and Kannanur. The southern wall of the Bhojeswara temple
carries the inscription of the Hoysala king Vira Ramanatha, son of Veera
Someswara, who won the title Moon of the Carnatic. The utsava idol of
Samayapuram Mariamman is said to have been in the hands of the Hoysala kings
first and then gone to the Vijayanagara kings, who worshipped it as their
family deity. With the decline of the Vijayanagara kingdom, it was brought
to its present place in a special ivory palanquin and installed. Later, a
temple was constructed around it by a famous Nayak king, Vijayanagara,
Chokkanatha (1706-1732 A.D) All abhishekams are performed only to the utsava
idol. Avail for Trichy Tours
Tourist Attractions of Tirchi
Struggling To Stay Lit :
(Cigar Industry of Tirchi )
A part from its historical importance of having been the capital of the
Chola dynasty, Woraiyur in Trichy is also famous for its handmade cigars and
handloom sarees. The handmade cigars of Woraiyur were said to be famous
overseas, so much so that even Winston Churchill is said to have relished
them though he remained loyal to the Cuban cigars.
The industry, which had put Woraiyur on the international map, through its
exports is now on the brink of extinction. The cottage industry, which
flourished since the early 20th century, especially between the two World
Wars, provided direct employment to over 1,500 skilled labourers until a few
decades ago. Over 200 units were engaged in producing the cigars, but the
number has dwindled to a handful now.
The total annual output, which was about 20 Lakh cigars, has fallen
drastically with only a handful of ageing cigar rollers engaged in the job.
The process of making cigars starts with the selection of tobacco, which is
first softened by fermentation using molasses, jaggery, toddy and coconut
The dried tobacco is later rolled into fillers and binders. The filler is
cut by hand according to the length and diameter of the cigar it is intended
for, and then rolled in the wrapper leaf. The wrapper is polished and the
cigars are wrapped in cellophane before being packed into wooden boxes or
packets of fives, tens, 25s and 50s.
Though the product is still said to have good export potential, the
industry has been unable to tap it for non-availability of quality tobacco
leaves, lack of skilled manpower, resource crunch, poor packaging and
marketing. Exports have completely stopped though the industry had once
shipped consignments as far as the U.S., the U.K., and other African and
M.Arumugam, who has been rolling cigars for the last 50 years, laments that
he hardly gets employment for 10 days a month as he is called for work only
when his employer gets orders from traders in North India. The main raw
material, vellai vazhai, was grown and supplied from Aravakurichi and its
surrounding villages in Karur district until a few years ago. However, owing
to continued drought the local farmers have switched to drumstick and other
cash crops, leaving the tobacco industry high and dry.
The only other source for this particular variety of tobacco is Dinhatta in
Cooch Behar district in West Bengal, which is beyond the reach of the
cottage industry owing to high transport cost. The Trichy Woraiyur Double
Wrapped Cigar Manufacturers Association president, M. Natarajan, who has
been waging a lone battle for revival of the industry, says only the entry
of multinationals and big tobacco industries could revive it. Besides, the
Tobacco Board should arrange for raw material and marketing tie-ups. The
recent levy of 16 percent CENVAT on cigars has also come as a big below to
the industry, and Mr. Natarajan has planned to represent the industries
cause to the sub-committee of the Commerce department in Chennai shortly.
Repository of Rare Chola Inscriptions :
Located amidst lush green paddy fields and sylvan surrounding on the
northern banks of the Uyyakondan channel in a sleepy hamlet named
Cholamadevi near Thiruverumbur, 12 km away from Trichy City, stands a
dilapidated temple. But for a trained eye, the historical importance of its
majestic ruins would go unnoticed.
Famous Temples of Trichy
fact that the Kailasamudaiyar Temple, dating back to the 11th Century (1065
A.D.) is a virtual treasurehouse of historic information is a relatively
recent discovery. A chance discovery of some inscriptions belonging to the
Chola period by a team of archaeologists led by Mr. K. Sridharan,
Registering Officer, State Department of Archaeology, Trichy, has brought
the temple into the limelight among indologists.
For the adhistana and the
walls of the temple are fully covered with inscriptions belonging to the
periods of Raja Raja Chola I. Rajendra Chola I and Vira Rajendra Chola I. A
majority of the inscriptions belong to Raja Raja I.
inscriptions contain the earliest known reference to Sankara Bhashyam, a
commentary on Sankaras philosophy, written by Chidaananda Bhattaara. Though
there are over a hundred commentaries on Sankara Bhashyam, the Chidaanandas
Pradeepaka mentioned in this inscription is not found in any ancient
manuscript or text. The inscription is in Tamil with a few Sanskrit words in
between written in Grantha characters.
The inscription reveal that the village was known as Tenkarai Brahmadeyam
Sri Cholamadevi Chaturvedimangalam. But from 19th century onwards the hamlet
has been referred to as Pandya Kulasani Valanattu Brahmadeyam Sri
Cholamadevi Chaturvedimangalam. The God is referred to as Sri
Kailayamudaiyar and Sri Kailasathu Parameswarar.
Another inscription speaks about the gram sabha regulations and the period
of office each member could hold. It also refers to the existence of a
Uyyakondan Attruvariyam, a separate body which has monitored and directed
the diversion of the water from the Uyyakondan channel for irrigation to the
Apart from the importance of the inscription, the temple itself is rated as
an architectural marvel and built as per specifications of the Silpa
Shasthra. The Siva temple consists of a central shrine, ardha and
Mahamandapas. The presiding deity, the Linga has a square base. The
four-pillared ardhamandapa has exquisite in the front. Two dwarapala
sculpture aborn the entrance of the ardhamandapa.
The south-facing Devi shrine in the Mahamandapa was said to have been
completely destroyed and was later reconstructed by the Nayakkars in the
17th century. The two-tier vimana has a hollow base atop which stands the
dome shaped second tier.
A unique feature of the temple is the innumerable panel sculptures on
almost every stone, which has gone into its construction. Among the most eye
catching carving are an image of Bhikshatana, a figure of a lady holding a
ladle and a row of pots, Ganesha, Dakshinamurthy and a sculpture of Krishna
caught in the act of stealing butter.
Archaeologists consider the temple to be an excellent illustration of the
architectural evolution of the early Chola period. The temple has been saved
from complete disintegration, thanks to the initiative of a dedicated team
of officials from the Archaeology Department led by Mr. Nadana Kasinathan,
Director, and Archaeology.
Two years ago, the government sanctioned Rs. One lakh grant for the
restoration of the temple. But the restoration work has been left half-way,
due to lack of funds. A major portion of the temple had to be reconstructed,
stone by stone involving painstaking, laborious and expensive work.
The local panchayat has laid a road and has breathed fresh life to the
temple, which has been forsaken for many decades.