"Caves in Madurai - Explore the history of Jainism in south India while visiting the Jain Caves of tamilnadu, specially the Jani caves around Madurai.

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Caves of Tamilnadu-Famous Jain Caves in Madurai

Taj Garden Retreat
Taj Garden Retreat
Address: Pasumalai, No. 40 T.P.K. Road, , Madurai
Location: City Center
Property Type: Business And Leisure Hotel
Accessibility: Airport: 15KM.

Pandyan Hotel
Pandyan Hotel
Address: Race Course, , Madurai
Location: City Center
Property Type: Business And Leisure Hotel
Accessibility: Airport: 15KM., Bus Stand: 5KM., Railway Station: 4KM.

South India Tour Packages

About Caves of Tamil Nadu

Location: Anaimalai, Alagarmalai, Tiruparankundram, and other places around Madurai.
Importance: Monuments of Jainism.
Built In: 2nd- 1st BC.

Jainism might have originated in North India.But it has a 1000-year history in South India,particularly Tamil Nadu.The several monuments scattered in the peninsular region of the Indian subcontinent only confirm this. There are many Jain shrines, images, and monasteries carved in the hills of Tamil Nadu.

The Madurai cave tour takes you to the 26 caves in Anaimalai, Alagarmalai,Muttupatti, Tiruparankundram, Vikramangalam, Karungalakkudi, Mankulam Kongarpuliyankulam, Tiruvatavur, and Varichiyur. The caves belong to the 2nd and Ist centuries B.C. The names of the monks who lived in these cave-dwellings and the men who carved them are engraved on these monuments.

Famous Jain Caves in Madurai - Inside The Jain Caves

The stone beds in these caves prove that they were abodes of the monks. There are several flat stones in theses caves. One end of these horizontal rocks is slightly raised as headrest. The upper portions of the caves are shaped in such a way as to prevent rainwater from entering them. Wooden poles were driven into holes on the ground in front of these caves, and thatched roofs were erected on them. These residences were located near water sources to meet the basic need of the ascetics.

Importance of The Jain Caves

These caves are considered important because they are among the earliest stone monuments in these regions. They also contain epigraphic records written in the Brahmi script. It is even said that the Hindu temples in and around Madurai were fashioned after these caves. Thirunarankondrai, a village near Ulundurpet, was a famous Jain pilgrim centre. It was also a seat of learning where monks and scholars from all over India gathered. The carved images of Paraswanathar, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, is found on the top of a hill here. He is portrayed in a standing position, with a serpent's hood spread above his head. The people in this area refer to Paraswanathar as Appandainathar.

Accessibility to Madurai Jain Caves

Since the caves are located in and around Madurai, they are easily accessible to the tourists. Madurai is well connected all by air, rail and road.


Madurai has a slew of inexpensive hotels. Good, clen and economical hotels are located along the Town Hall road and Dindigul Road.